Resources: Orchards

(Achievement standard information).
1 Assessment against this achievement standard will include a combination of skills, knowledge and geographic ideas. Assessment will be selected from:
· how people perceive the use of resources
· the distribution patterns of farming and/or mining types
· how farming and/or mining operations function as systems; a system refers to inputs, processes, outputs and feedback
· the different ways people perceive the environmental impacts of farming and/or mining operations, and measures taken to resolve these impact

How people Perceive the use of resources:



Questions on this topic are looking at how some people percieve resource use as a negative whislt others earn money from using resources. We have looked at uranium and orchards and between the two their are vast differences. For example Uranium is non-renewable once it is used you can never get it back. Whereas Apple trees are renewable and can constantly be used. The area of a hill that is being dug out to get to the uranium might affect the environment and some people may be against it. this part is all about (check you IGI'S)

Resource: A resource is anything used to help one earn a living. (Something you use to earn a living).
Renewable resources
Non-renewable resource
This topic in Year 11 Geography looks at resources and their sustainability. Natural and cultural resources are looked at in depth to understand how people manipulate these resources to make a profit. Orchards in the Hawkes Bay area are used as a focul point and a trip to Pernell Orchard whitch allows students to see first hand the way resources are used in a system.
Natural Resource
The Hawkes Bay orchard region is located on the Heretaunga plains. This area of flat land provides a near perfect environment for orchards to prosper. Located on a flood plain which provides fertile alluvial soils which contain the essential nutrients and drainage qualities for orcharding.
The Heretaunga plains and the east coast location of the Hawkes Bay also benefit from the large natural shelter belt in which the Ruahine Range provides. The Ruahine range stops the prodimenent westerly weather systems from reaching the Hawkes Bay. The orographic rain deposits which occur on the Ruahine range mean the air that reaches the Bay is drier and has far less force therefore wind is lesser. There are still occurances of Easterly weather systems which are relatively harsh due to the Bays easterly location. Frontal Rain provides the area with a small but much needed dosing of rain annually. These weather patterns is the reason why Hawkes Bay has long dry summers and temperate winters.


Pests:

aduklt_coddling_moth.jpg Codling_moth.jpg Leafhopper.jpg
Some of the nasties the nasties in which orchards have to deal with. The link after leaf hopper gives an explanation of each pest.
Coddling Moth Leaf rollers Scale Insects Mealy Bugs Leaf Hopper
Pests

Pest Control Methods:

Pheremone Traps Pheremone traps are placed around the Orchard to give a random sample of the pests/bugs present around the orchard. They act to give an indication whether or not the bug population has increased and therefore needs pesticide controlling rather than as a method to limit the pests population themself.
Pheremone: A chemical signal which triggers a response within the same species. Often used by the male to attract females when mating in insects.